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X-Onbuhimo Tutorial

What is an X-Onbuhimo?

Also referred to as: Blanketless Onbuhimo, Panel-less Onbuhimo, X-bu ( outdated, listed for clarification only)

13754567_10100366213168114_8210268611972125520_n.jpg Photo_May_18_3_35_44_PM.jpg Photo_May_18_3_37_38_PM.jpg 13227037_10100334989929734_6711750635986473247_n.jpg

Traditional X-Onbuhimo with fabric loops

Reverse X-Onbuhimo Reverse X-Onbuhimo Pre-threaded

Reverse X-Onbuhimo

Baby's positioning on the overlap.


An onbuhimo is a carrier of Japanese origin involving a rectangular body panel with a pair of either rings or fabric loops on the bottom corners and long straps coming out of the top corners. A reverse onbuhimo has a rectangular body panel with short, padded shoulder straps with double rings on the top corners, and long straps coming out of the bottom corners.

An x-onbuhimo (traditional or reverse) serves the same function as the above carriers, but with a minimalist design. They are quicker and easier to construct for a beginner sewer.

Good For
  • Front Carries: Not designed for front carries. Possible with long enough straps to cross in the back, add support with reinforcing passes over baby's bum and close off the open sides.
  • Hip Carries: Not designed for hip carries.
  • Back Carries: Babies who can sit independently only. Designed for arms-out wearing due to open sides.
  • Forward Facing: Not designed for forward facing.

Quick to put on and an unpoppable seat makes it easier to wear wiggly or difficult toddlers who may not have the patience for wrapping. Lack of waist belt is great for anybody who doesn't want the pressure on their waist, including (but not limited to) expectant mothers. Incredibly fast and easy to sew for beginners.


More limited than other carriers, since onbuhimos are really best for older, independently sitting babies and only designed for back carries. No padding and less flexibility means that this style of carrier can be less comfortable for longer wearing than a traditional body-panel-with-straps design. The Reverse X-Onbuhimo specifically can be extremely uncomfortable if the rings sit in the wrong spot on the front of the arms. There are a few tricks for pulling the pressure off of these rings, but if the straps are the wrong length so the rings end up in your armpits or on your collarbone, there is not much you can do for comfort.

  • Fabric loops: shoulder straps are threaded through simple fabric loops at the bottom corners
  • Ring loops: shoulder straps are threaded through a single sling ring at the bottom corners.
  • Reverse: Waist straps are threaded through double sling rings at the top corners.

The strap width determines the "body panel" size (the area where the two straps overlap) and should be based on child's size. Baby needs to be able to fit in the carrier arms-out, but the panel must not be so low that baby can lean backwards. The width should be wide enough to support baby's legs from knee-pit to knee-pit, while still allowing the legs to swing freely at the knee. The strap length is determined by the wearer's size. Short straps can be used for a simple tie-off, where longer straps can offer additional supporting passes over baby's bum, Tibetan finishes in the front to take the pressure off the shoulders, or supporting passes in a front carry.

How to Use


Alyssa Leonard - 2016-07-16

Return to Main - TICKS Rules for Safe Babywearing

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
JPEGjpg 13227037_10100334989929734_6711750635986473247_n.jpg r1 manage 53.1 K 2017-03-30 - 03:18 AlyssaLeonard  
JPEGjpg 13754567_10100366213168114_8210268611972125520_n.jpg r1 manage 181.8 K 2017-03-30 - 03:13 AlyssaLeonard  
JPEGjpg Photo_May_18_3_35_44_PM.jpg r1 manage 854.8 K 2017-03-30 - 03:13 AlyssaLeonard  
JPEGjpg Photo_May_18_3_37_38_PM.jpg r1 manage 889.9 K 2017-03-30 - 03:13 AlyssaLeonard  
JPEGjpg Photo_May_18_3_44_40_PM.jpg r1 manage 1219.2 K 2017-03-30 - 03:13 AlyssaLeonard  
PDFpdf X_Bu_FAQ_and_Tutorial.pdf r1 manage 366.9 K 2016-12-22 - 03:05 AlyssaLeonard  
PDFpdf xonbuhimo_basic.pdf r2 r1 manage 46.0 K 2018-01-06 - 00:36 AlyssaLeonard  
PDFpdf xonbuhimo_reverse_basic.pdf r2 r1 manage 46.6 K 2018-01-06 - 00:36 AlyssaLeonard  
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Topic revision: r4 - 2018-01-06 - AlyssaLeonard
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